Northlake Surgical Associates at St. Tammany Parish offers a range of surgical services. Here are a few of the more common procedures our physicians conduct.
For more information on other procedures available, please call (985) 892-3766.
General surgery is often recommended to treat conditions that medication, lifestyle changes and other non-surgical treatment options are unable to relieve. If your physician recommends surgery, then it is important to learn all of the surgical options that are available to you.
While all surgical procedures carry certain risks, traditional open forms of surgery that require a large incision often are associated with additional complications and drawbacks, such as pain, trauma and long recovery periods. For many surgical procedures, less invasive options are available that can reduce the risk of complications and allow for a faster recovery.
Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique that uses specialized tools to complete a general surgical procedure without creating a large incision in the abdomen. During a laparoscopic procedure, several small incisions are made and a special tool called a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen. The laparoscope is a thin tube that is equipped with a camera, light and other surgical tools as needed. The surgeon is able to view the procedure on a screen in the operating room, making it possible to view inside of the body and carefully maneuver the tools as he completes the surgical procedure.
Laparoscopic surgery often makes surgical treatment an option for those who are unable to undergo a traditional surgical procedure. In addition, laparoscopic surgery offers a number of benefits, including:
- Reduced risk of infection
- Quicker recovery
- Less pain and scarring
- Reduced risk of complications following the procedure
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a minimally invasive procedure to remove the gallbladder, which is responsible for concentrating and storing bile, a fluid that is made by the liver and used to digest fat. The gallbladder secretes bile into the small intestine through a tube called the common bile duct. A cholecystectomy may be required for the treatment of gallbladder disease, which causes inflammation, infection, or blockage of the bile, in addition to the treatment of gallstones. During this operation the gallbladder is removed through a small incision in the abdomen while the patient is under a general anesthesia. Following a cholecystectomy, bile travels directly from the liver to the small intestine, but is no longer stored in the gallbladder between meals.
A hernia occurs when an organ or tissue begins to bulge through a tear or opening that develops due to a weakness in a muscle wall. Hernias are classified based upon the region of the body in which they occur, and can develop in the groin (inguinal hernia), the diaphragm (hiatal hernia) or at the sight of a previous surgical wound (Incisional hernia). Laparoscopic hernia repair reinforces the muscle wall at the sight of the hernia by using surrounding tissue or a synthetic mesh.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is caused by a weakened lower esophageal sphincter, and causes severe and frequent heartburn and acid reflux. When medications and lifestyle changes are unable to relieve the symptoms of GERD, then surgical treatment is often necessary. Laparoscopic reflux surgery prevents the occurrence of acid reflux by strengthening the lower esophageal sphincter, preventing the backwards-flow of gastric juice and food up from the stomach.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the front of the neck. In certain situations, such as when cancer is suspected or present or when thyroid nodules develop, either all or part of the thyroid must be removed. The extent of thyroid removal depends upon the specific condition that is being treated.
The colon, or large intestine, makes up the lower portion of your digestive tract. The colon is responsible for transporting waste from the small intestine to the rectum. During a colon resection procedure, all or part of the colon is removed from the body, shortening the digestive tract. Colon surgery may be recommended to treat serious health conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, colon polyps and colon cancer.
Gastric Band Surgery with the LAP-BAND® System
What is LAP-BAND?
The Lap-Band is an adjustable band that is placed around the upper part of the stomach to help overweight individuals reduce their calorie consumption and lose weight. The band is adjusted to restrict the amount of food that can be consumed.
Because Lap-Band surgery does not require any cutting or permanent alterations to the digestive tract and can be removed if necessary, it has become one of the leading forms of bariatric surgery used in the United States.
The Lap-Band Procedure
The Lap-Band system involves the placement of a fully adjustable silicone tubing device around the upper portion of the stomach during a laparoscopic procedure. This device is referred to as a gastric band. The gastric band creates a new small stomach pouch that sits above the larger portion of the stomach, thereby limiting the amount of food that the stomach is able to hold at any time. With Lap-Band, patients feel satisfied with smaller amounts of food and have more control of their hunger. This helps to reduce the amount of calories that are consumed, which leads to weight loss.
A plastic tube runs from the silicone band to a simple port that sits beneath the skin under the abdomen. Through this port, a saline solution can be either added to or withdrawn from the gastric band in order to adjust the amount of restriction around the stomach.
What to Expect After Lap-Band
Following Lap-Band surgery, you will need to make several changes to your diet and lifestyle. Your Lap-Band surgeon will provide you with detailed instructions as to the types of foods and activities that you can take part in following your procedure.
Immediately following your Lap-Band surgery, the Lap-Band will not be filled with any liquid. This will provide your body with the opportunity to heal before your stomach must adjust to being restricted. For many Lap-Band patients, the first adjustment is scheduled for about four weeks following the initial procedure.
Lap-Band adjustments are an important part of the Lap-Band weight loss system, and you should plan to meet with your Lap-Band surgeon several times after your operation in order to maintain the proper fill level. When the Lap-Band is at its optimal fill you will become full quickly and will not feel hungry between meals.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
A healthier, more comfortable future awaits you. Learn how Gastric Sleeve Surgery has changed the lives of thousands of obese people and allowed them to regain control of their lives.
What is a Gastric Sleeve?
Gastric sleeve surgery, also known as a sleeve gastrectomy procedure, is a bariatric surgery that enhances weight loss efforts by reducing the capacity of the stomach, thereby reducing the amount of food the stomach is able to hold. During this type of weight loss surgery, the stomach is divided length-wise into a narrow, cylindrical sleeve while the digestive tract is left intact.
The sleeve gastrectomy procedure is often recommended for individuals that have a very high BMI and may not be good candidates for other forms of bariatric surgery.
The Sleeve Gastrectomy Procedure
For many patients, the sleeve gastrectomy procedure can be performed laparoscopically, which is a minimally invasive technique that uses tiny incisions through which specialized surgical tools can be inserted. The laparoscopic gastric sleeve procedure can provide reduced scarring, a shorter hospital stay and a quicker recovery compared to traditional, open forms of bariatric surgery.
Your bariatric surgeon will provide you with detailed instructions concerning preparation and diet leading up to the sleeve gastrectomy procedure. In some cases, patients are required to begin losing weight before undergoing bariatric surgery to reduce complications during the procedure. This bariatric operation is performed in a hospital setting, and patients should expect to be under a general anesthetic during the procedure.
During the gastric sleeve procedure, your bariatric surgeon will remove a portion of the stomach. The remaining portion of the stomach is shaped like a hose or a tube, and is able to hold about 15% of the amount of food that the stomach would have held previously. The portion of the stomach that is removed is responsible for secreting ghrelin, which is a hormone that stimulates hunger. By removing this hunger hormone, it becomes much easier to control appetite and lose weight.
Though the stomach is reduced, the stomach opening and digestive tract is not altered, which reduces the risk of complications during digestion following the procedure, including the risk of anemia, osteoporosis and vitamin deficiency that may be associated with other forms of bariatric surgery.
Sleeve Gastrectomy Risks
While all surgical procedures carry some risks, the gastric sleeve procedure is associated with fewer risks than other, more invasive forms of bariatric surgery. Unlike the LAP-BAND procedure, during the sleeve gastrectomy a portion of the stomach is removed and so it is not a reversible procedure.