This procedure allows the physician to examine air passages, identify any problems and obtain tissue and fluid samples. During a bronchoscopy, a tiny, flexible, fiber-optic tube is passed through the nose or mouth and windpipe into the lungs.
The bronchoscope will be passed through the nostril or mouth. Coughing may be experienced. No discomfort is felt if biopsies are taken.
Oxygen will be given to patients through a mask or nasal prongs. The physician may choose to take x-rays or use a type of x-ray called fluoroscopy. The room will be darkened and the x-ray equipment turned on for a short period of time.
Please inform the doctor and nurse if there is any chance of pregnancy.
Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy
This procedure uses electromagnetic navigation to guide the physician through the patient's airways, similar to GPS (global positioning system) like technology. This allows the physician to take tissue samples in regions of the lungs that are not reachable with traditional bronchoscopy. Until now, physicians have relied on needle biopsy or surgery to take tissue samples. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that does not carry the risks often associated with surgery.
Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy provides the possibility to detect lung cancer early, even before symptoms are evident, enhancing treatment options for patients. It can be used with a wide range of patients, including those who suffer from poor lung function or have had cancer surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy.